Category: Research / Topics: Demographics History Statistics Trends

The ADA Turns 30

by Stu Johnson

Posted: July 27, 2020

THe demographics of disability today…

The following is based on information from the U.S. Census Bureau

On July 26, 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed into law the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodations, commercial facilities, telecommunications, and state and local government services.

The following facts are possible thanks to responses to the Census Bureau’s surveys. We appreciate the public’s cooperation as we continuously measure America’s people, places and economy. 

Did You Know?

40.6 million or 12.6%
The total civilian noninstitutionalized population with a disability in the United States in 2018.

The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in West Virginia in 2018 with a disability — the highest rate of any state in the nation. Utah, at 9.6%, had the lowest rate.

7.6 million
The total civilian noninstitutionalized population ages 18 to 64 employed with a disability in 2018.

Median earnings in the past 12 months (in 2018 inflation adjusted dollars) of the civilian noninstitutionalized population age 16 and over with earnings and a disability in 2018.

Source for above data: 2018 American Community Survey

More on Disability


Related Info 

More Stats
See a detailed profile on the population with a disability from the 2018 American Community Survey. Statistics include:

  • Sex, by race and age
  • Hearing difficulty by age.
  • Vision difficulty by age.
  • Cognitive difficulty by age.
  • Ambulatory difficulty by age.
  • Self-care difficulty by age.
  • Independent living difficulty by age.

This article also appears on, which Stu edits

Stu Johnson is owner of Stuart Johnson & Associates, a communications consultancy in Wheaton, Illinois focused on "making information make sense."

E-mail the author (moc.setaicossajs@uts*)

* For web-based email, you may need to copy and paste the address yourself.

Posted: July 27, 2020

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